History of Human Resource Management Essay

1376 Words Nov 1st, 2007 6 Pages
The History of Human Resource Management
Human resource management is the strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organization's most valued assets - the people working there who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the business. The terms "human resource management" and "human resources" (HR) have largely replaced the term "personnel management" as a description of the processes involved in managing people in organizations. Human Resource management is evolving rapidly. Human resource management is both an academic theory and a business practice that addresses the theoretical and practical techniques of managing a workforce. (1)
Human resource management has it roots in the
…show more content…
The federal government had had enough. At first the government was not supportive of the labor movement. Then they tides turned and they started to enact laws in favor of labor. The Clayton Act, passed in 1914, allowed for picket lines and limited the use of court orders against workers and unions. The Wagner Act of 1935 addressed the need of labor to organize. The act permitted employees to choose their representation and allow them exclusive rights to bargain with the employers. The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 enacted amendments prohibiting actions, or "unfair labor practices", on the part of unions to the NLRA, which had previously only prohibited "unfair labor practices" committed by employers. The Taft-Hartley Act prohibited jurisdictional strikes, secondary boycotts and picketing, closed shops, and monetary donations by unions to federal political campaigns. Union shops were heavily restricted, and states were allowed to pass "right-to-work laws" that outlawed union shops. Furthermore, the executive branch of the Federal government could obtain legal strikebreaking injunctions if an impending or current strike "imperiled the national health or safety," a test that has been interpreted broadly by the courts. (4) At the turn of the 20th century companies began employing people to manage personnel. These first positions were called

Related Documents