High Frequency Words Essay

7548 Words Mar 5th, 2013 31 Pages
CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING

Introduction High frequency words (sight words) are words that students encounter frequently in reading and writing. It is critical that readers and writers develop automaticity (automatic recognition), a skill that leads to fluency. Many beginners in reading need explicit instruction with repeated practice to learn the high frequency words. By third grade, most students have initially come across high frequency words. If pupils are reading grade level passages frequently, they learn to internalize them. For pupils in third grade and beyond, explicit instruction is needed. Do students fully understand what they are reading? Are they able to express verbally or in written communication what
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2. Children / Pupils observe various practices in the process of reading high frequency words.
3. Effects of the practices on reading high frequency words are evident on the development of a child’s reading ability.
4. Constant practice in reading high frequency words requires attention, devotion, enough quality time, and wisdom.
Conceptual Framework
According to Sandra Fleming, ( 2006 ) , many older students who struggle with reading have difficulty with basic sight words. A competent literacy tutor will check this area carefully and re-teach these words as needed to build confidence and reading efficiency. It is important for parents and teachers to monitor sight word mastery carefully in early elementary school to be sure that this vital skill is being learned. The child should be able to read the words up to the level indicated for his or her grade placement with no hesitation or stumbling. If he or she tries to sound the words out or doesn’t respond within a second or two, count the word as missed. One hundred percent accuracy is the goal, and anything less than ninety five percent accuracy on lists below the grade placement level is cause for concern.
Sight words do not lend themselves to phonic analysis, either. It is next to impossible to sound out words like of or to. Sight words like have and said fly in the face of standard phonics rules about vowel behavior. Since they cannot be sounded out like most words, readers must memorize

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