Guidelines For Sex Research : Key Principles And Implications For Research Design, Analysis, And Interpretation

1311 Words Sep 30th, 2016 6 Pages
1) “Recommendations for Sex/Gender Neuroimaging Research: Key Principles and Implications for Research Design, Analysis, And Interpretation,” by Gina Rippon, Rebecca Jordan-Young, Anelis Kaiser and Cordelia Fine, 28 August 2014
2) The central argument of this article is that gender is a social construct, more so than a biological determinant. The article refers to these as essentialized social categories, which are either natural kinds or discrete. Neuroscience and neuroimaging technologies are having an increased impact on these traditional and emerging social categories, trying to increase our understanding of the interaction between the environment and the neurobiology of the individual. In order to explain differences or the indifference between the two sexes, male and female, the authors utilize neuroimaging research and four principles, mosaicism, contingency, overlap and entanglement. Mosaicism is the notion that the human brain is not strictly male or female, but is actually intertwined. Contingency states that gendered behavior arises out of a complex interaction of multi-level factors, including cultural gender norms, social-level factors as well as individual-level factors such as biological characteristics, gender identity, and experiences. Overlap states that there are many similarities, or overlaps, between female and male behavioral, cognitive, social and biological behaviors, but are extenuated by common stereotypes. Entanglement refers to the dynamic and…

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