Global Warming: The Three Main Consequences Of Global Climate Change

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Global climate change (GCC) has become a very controversial topic. People often argue about whether or not it actually exists. Some people just refer to it as global warming. However, global climate change is much more than that. It includes global warming along with many other weather pattern changes. These include, but are not limited to, rising sea levels, increasing temperatures, and melting of ice (Shaftel, 2016). One of the biggest causes has been the increase in the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) being released into the atmosphere and trapping more and more heat (Environmental, 2016g). This leads to the greenhouse effect. Both natural and enhanced greenhouse effects exist. The natural greenhouse effect is made up of natural processes …show more content…
Sea level rise causes big issues for low-lying coastal areas, such as the Netherlands, Bangladesh, and the Maldives. It causes an increase in flooding and can take away from the area of the land. Temperature changes can change the climate overall, affecting some of the most important livelihoods, such as agriculture. Because of temperature change, some areas experience cooler and warmer seasons. In Britain the summer will be warmer and drier than ever, and there will be much more rain in the winter. There can be an increase in storms, floods, and droughts in places throughout the world. It affects crop and plant growth (agriculture). For example, wheat and rice need higher temperatures to thrive, and maize and sugarcane need lower temperatures. The change in the temperature can make it hard for both plants and animals to survive. In places like China and Brazil, this could cause the population to “suffer from hunger” (Clean, n.d.). In places like Greenland, the increased temperature causes the ice to melt. They now have longer summers. This helps the country’s agriculture, allowing the people to grow broccoli, carrots, and cauliflower. The amount of wildlife has seen an increase, as well, seeing sheep and cows. The transportation is affected negatively. Because of the melting, it is hard to get from place to place on dog sleds and snowmobiles (The Weather, …show more content…
Any molecule that has at least three atoms can have the “vibrational motions” needed to change its dipole moment, including the 0.1% of trace gases in the atmosphere (GHG). This allows for the absorption of photons within the infrared (IR) spectrum and the re-emitting of the energy. Absorbing this IR energy increases the amount of vibration, increasing the amount of energy. When the “energized molecules” collide with other molecules, the amount of thermal energy is increased, raising the temperature. The opposite occurs, also. The molecules lose their vibrational energy, decreasing the number of molecular collisions. This decreases the amount of thermal energy, lowering the temperature (American, 2016; The University, 2012). Combustion, on the other hand, is more indirect. It involves chemical reactions with oxygen through a burning process, usually that of fossil fuels (mostly made of hydrocarbons (HCs) – hydrogen and carbon). The species in the reaction is oxidized because of the high electronegativity of oxygen. An example reaction is as

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