Essay on Global Health Issues

1346 Words Mar 20th, 2012 6 Pages
First, we will introduce you to the world situation with regard to health care. Then, we will explain the link between health issue, poverty and economic factors. Eventually, we will talk about the actions taken against these issues.
Despite incredible improvements in health since 1950, there are still a big number of challenges as regards global health.
One billion people lack access to health care systems.
36 million deaths each year are caused by noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer or diabetes .This is almost two-thirds of the estimated 56 million deaths each year worldwide.
Over 7.5 million children under the age of 5 die from malnutrition and mostly preventable diseases, each year.
In 2008, some 6.7
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2- Impoverishing care
Over 100 million people annually fall into poverty because they have to pay for health care.
3- Unsafe care
Poor system design that is unable to ensure safety and hygiene standards leads to high rates of hospital-acquired infections, along with medication errors and other avoidable adverse effects that are an underestimated cause of death and ill-health.
Health care provision is incredibly complex and many nations around the world spend considerable resources trying to provide it. Many other rights and issues are related to health, inequality being an important one, for example. Education, gender equality and various other issues are also closely related. Viewed from the spectrum of basic rights, the right to health seems core.
Following The World Health Organization (WHO), an important underlying cause of all these deaths is poverty.
Noncommunicable diseases are caused by four behavioral risk factors: Tobacco use, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity and the harmful use of alcohol. The greatest effects of these risk factors hit mainly the low and middle-income countries and the poorer people within all countries. That highlights the underlying socioeconomic determinants.
Among these populations, a vicious cycle may ensue: poverty exposes people to behavioral risk factors for NCDs and, in turn, the resulting NCDs may become an important driver to the

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