Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos ) Essay

786 Words Mar 12th, 2016 4 Pages
Traditionally, plants and animals have been selectively bred or cross breed, in order to create specific strains or lineages to express ideal traits or attributes. Farmers or biologists would typically gather pollen by hand using a cone shaped piece of sand paper, transferring them to female flower parts. It would have take tens of years to achieve desired results over many generations. Animals are bred similarly by artificial insemination or matching male and female candidates; in contrast, Genetically Modified organisms (GMOs) are created within a laboratory with the use of specialized methods. Plants are modified by finding an ideal gene that can exist from a completely different organism. After isolating the gene, it can be inserted in two ways into a developing seedling. The seedling can be modified with a gene gun, which is used to shoot particles of metal coated with the isolated gene or infecting it with a modified bacterium. An example of a bacterium used by the Monsanto Company is Agrobacterium tumefaciens. They are then grown, studied, and put through legal scrutiny, and planted for economical use. The reason that plants are genetically modified is to improve traits or qualities, such as: improved nutrition value, reduced susceptibility to infection, tolerance to changing climates, and increase in resilience to pesticides and reduce the need for them. Although, what are most prevalent and widely used traits is to increase resilience to pesticide use and…

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