Genetically Modified Food As A Laboratory Process Essay

1384 Words Nov 19th, 2016 6 Pages
Genetically modified food also known as “Transgenic” organisms is the result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. Gene transfer technology is simply a sophisticated version of a cut-and-paste operation. Once the desired gene is identified in the native organism 's genome, it can be cut out, transferred to the target plant, and pasted into its genome. Technology now allows us to transfer genes between organisms. For example, the tomato plant 's beetle resistance relies on a gene from a bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, which scientists inserted into the tomato plant 's genome. This gene, called cry1Ac, encodes a protein that is poisonous to certain types of insects, including the beetle. Once the new gene has been introduced, the plant can be bred to create a new strain that passes the gene from generation to generation. These foreign genes may come from bacteria, viruses, insects, and animals. GM foods are definitely a threat to globalization, it is very harmful to humans as well as animals. GM foods can cause severe internal damage. For example, it can create, unpredictable side effects, gastrointestinal and immune system disorders. GM plants are faced with genes that consist of viruses and bacteria which humans and animals consume. There are 38 countries that have now banned GMO products from their market. However there are some factors that make GMO’s…

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