Essay on Genetic And Of Genetic Disorders

903 Words 4 Pages
Genetic disorders may affect millions of people every few seconds around the world, and it’s our job to understand how they work or occur in order to try and prevent them or cause them from getting worse. With how far research has come over the years, we now know how genetic disorders occur. They occur from something called mutations, which I am sure mostly everyone has heard about. Most people just don’t understand exactly how mutations work, occur, or how they cause millions of different genetic issues or diseases, affecting many people every year. There are tons of different mutations that can occur in almost every living thing on the earth, some are very effective and some you don’t even know they are there. What is a mutation you ask? Before, talking about what a mutation is and how it the whole process works, you have to know a little bit about DNA, because DNA is where the mutations occur. DNA is also known as deoxyribonucleic acid, it contains the blueprint off all the cells throughout the body. Also, holds all of the genetic info for the body , which is encoded in the nucleotides. DNA is composed of four nucleotides, each has three separate components, a phosphate group, deoxyribose sugar, and one of the four nitrogen containing bases known as A,G,T,C. The four nitrogen containing bases also stand for Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytosine. DNA has many different jobs that it has to do constantly to keep the body going. Certain genes in the body are controlled…

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