DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, is the stuff in humans and almost all other organisms. About every cell in you and everyone else's body has the same DNA. DNA is usually located in the cell nucleus (nuclear DNA),however small amounts of DNA can be found in the mitochondria (mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA). The DNA has information stored as a code created by four chemical bases: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T).
Each base is connected to a sugar molecule and phosphate molecule. All together it’s called a nucleotide. A nucleotides are set in two long strands creating a spiral effect called (double helix). The structure of that double helix looks like a ladder, with the base pairs making the ladder’s handles and steps, and the sugar, phosphate molecules creating the sides of the ladder.
An important part of DNA is that it can replicate, (make clones of itself). "So when it’s split up the middle both pieces make a clone of its other half." Each strand of DNA …show more content…
RNA polymerase attaches itself to a template of DNA and then go into base pairing, synthesizes mRNA or messenger RNA. This is called transcription, as the DNA code being transcribed into mRNA code. RNA replaces Thymine for Uracil during base pairing.
4. mRNA leaves the nucleus and enters the cytoplasm this goo like part of the cell where ribosomes can be found.
5. Ribosomes are involved in protein synthesis, in other words they create proteins.
6. mRNA attaches one end to a ribosome, and through codons, tRNA brings in amino acids and attaches them together to form a specific protein polymer. Codons code for amino acids, and are "triplets" of code.
7. This process above would be called translation. Think of it as the mRNA code is being translated to form proteins.
8. rRNA is just ribosomal RNA. Protein synthesis is the synthesis of polypeptide chains which then produce the specific proteins based on the genetic code in DNA. It occurs in two stages, transcription and