Gender Inequality and Post-Secondary Education in Canada Essay

2382 Words Mar 15th, 2014 10 Pages
Gender Inequality and Post-Secondary
Education in Canada

INTRODUCTION Historically, gender differences have been at the core of social and economic injustice and women have faced fundamental disadvantages (Tepperman & Curtis, 2011, p. 351). Despite recent changes in formal equality – the introduction of protection for women in the Constitution Act, 1982 and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, for example - informal barriers are still present which lead to the discrimination of women (Tepperman & Curtis, 2011, p. 89). The Canadian education system has not been immune to the effects of discrimination towards women; in fact, some argue that schools have been a vessel for inequality (Knudson-Martin &
…show more content…
350). The placement into each category is largely related to social traits, backgrounds, and abilities that have been achieved through formal post-secondary education (Tepperman & Curtis, 2011, p. 350). It is important to recognize that even in modern society, women make up a large portion of the secondary labour market and therefore consistently earn less, have less job security, and face more inequality in hiring practices (Fausto-Sterling, 1992, p. 5). In 2008, Canadian women earned an average $30,100 compared to $47,000 earned by men (Williams, 2010). On average, women who have a post-secondary certificate or diploma earn 71.2% of what men with the same education earn (Williams, 2010). Women who attain a university degree earn only 68.3% of what men with a university degree earn. Furthermore, women who work full-time throughout the year earn on average $62,800 while men earn an average of $91,800 (Williams, 2010). In comparing the earning ratio between men and women across distinct occupations, women and men tend to have the least wage disparity in typically labeled ‘feminine’ vocations such as: natural sciences (on average, women earn 83.5% of men’s wages), teaching (83%), artistic/recreational (85.4%) and clerical (81.5%); and the most wage disparity in: medicine/health (56.8%), manufacturing (55.7%), occupations unique to primary industry (49%), and

Related Documents