Ftv 106a Essay

9567 Words May 29th, 2012 39 Pages
FTV 106A – Midterm Study Guide
TA: Matthew Perkins 1A
IDs – People to Know:
• Eadweard Muybridge (1830 – 1904) o Born in Britain, emigrated to US early in life, by the 1870s had become a very prominent photographer, mostly photographed nature and animals; very well known o 1872 – Leland Stanford (one of the richest in the state) questions whether or not a horse has all its feet off the ground when it gallops, hired Muybridge to take pictures of racehorses and prove or disprove this o 1877 – Muybridge built special track with a camera house with 12 electrically operated cameras, and a marked fence along the track to give precise measurements of a horse’s position in each shot → each camera fitted with an electromagnetic shutter that
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It was the first motion picture to be copyrighted in the United States (5 second film)
• Georges Méliès (1861 – 1938) o French Film maker o Introduced narrative to motion pictures o Put on stage plays for children and families o Because of his ability to seemingly manipulate and transform reality through cinematography, Méliès in sometimes referred to as the First “Cinemagician” o Created the first “Special effect” o Was one of the first filmmakers to use multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his films o Wrote and directed “Trip to the Moon” (1902), lasted almost 10 minutes in length → the first science fiction film, uses innovative animation and special effects
• Lumière Brothers Auguste (1862 – 1954), Louis (1864 – 1948) o The Lumière Brothers took apart a Kinetograph and created their own unique motion picture camera/device 1895 → cinematograph: got rid of electric motor, hand-cranked, lightweight and portable o About 52 seconds of film and it could be picked up and carried o Didn’t need studio, could go out “on

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