Sigmund Freud's Four Stages Of Development

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When people think about psychology, sociology, or any other related fields, there is usually one person who comes to mind: Sigmund Freud. The well known father of psychoanalysis focused his studies on unconscious desires and conflicts, as well as the effects of childhood and sexual development. Because of the questionable subject matter, Freud’s research is usually regarded very controversially in the psychological and sociological fields.
Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory was based primarily on the unconscious. According to Freud, our mind was like a iceberg. The information that we have access to now, or our conscious awareness, is only the little tip sticking out of the water. As we go deeper into our mind, or the water, there is the subconscious
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In 1905 Freud came up with four psychosexual stages of development that help shape a persons personality throughout infancy and adulthood. As a person goes through each stage, they are faced with frustration, pleasure, or both that will ultimately shape them for the rest of their life. The first of four stages occurs when people are infants, 0-1 years old. This first stage is known as the oral stage because the libido - sexual energy - is centered in the baby’s mouth. We can see this demonstrated when babies put things in their mouths to learn about them and are focused on sucking, biting, and breast feeding (all of which involve the mouth). The oral stage is when a persons id develops to request instant gratification. Freud believes that if a person gets “stuck” in this phase, they will develop an oral fixation later in life. Oral fixations can include nail biting, thumb suckers, and smokers. If a person successfully navigates through the oral stage, they move to the anal stage, which occurs from the age 1-3. When in the anal stage, the libido has shifted from the mouth to the anus. While in the anal stage, a persons pleasure is focused on the ability to defecate. Commonly, a conflict arises when potty training starts because the child is told when they can and cannot defecate. This conflict can lead to two different types of fixations in the future. A person who underwent early or strict potty training is likely to become anal-retentive. Anal-retentive personalities are focused on being very clean and respectful to authority. On the other hand, a person who did not experience harsh or early will likely develop an anal-explosive personality that is characterized by mess and disorder. As a person ages, they enter the phallic stage where the libido has moved to the genital area. This stage typically lasts from 3-6 years old. The phallic stage is characterized by the recognition of differences in males

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