Comparison Of The Psychoanalytic Approach And The Humanistic Perspective

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Compare and contrast Psychoanalytic Theory to that of Social Cognitive Perspective and the Humanistic Perspective. Also, tell me who are the primary psychologists who came up with each theory/perspective?

Sigmund Freud was an influential psychiatrist and clinical psychologist. Freud began his work when he found that the disorders of the patients he was seeing made no neurological sense. What could be causing feelings that had no physical cause? He began to wonder if neurological disorders had psychological causes. He developed his belief that our unconscious mind plays a greater part in our patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting (i.e. personality) than we previously believed it did. Freud believed that the personality was shaped toward
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It is a genetically determined part of our temperament, there is brain activity and autonomic nervous system activity that all reacts to the situations and events we are in. Freud believed that we also had no control of the stages we entered as a child. The trend seems to be that there is some aspect of our personality that we lack control over. Whether it is a psychosexual stage or a biological influence, humans can not entirely control their own personalities. The social-cultural influence is just what I said above- cultural expectations, social support, and childhood experiences all change how we will react to people in situations. If you think someone is mad at you, you are less likely to be warm and outgoing towards that person. This contrast greatly to the humanistic perspective below. The humanistic perspective states that you can influence your personality if you come from a positive background, have a positive outlook and basically if you are a genuine and healthy person. Maslow and Rogers believe that people can reach self-actualization rather than staying confined to their situation, past experience or biology- if their basic needs are …show more content…
Bandura’s theories were praised for getting psychologists to think about the way individuals and their situations affected one another. Freud’s theories were praised for getting psychologists to think about how a personality could largely be shaped through the unconscious. The amount of “unconscious” attribution in Bandura’s theory stops at the way people attune to certain situations that they may have previously been in. For example, an anxious person will view the world as life-threatening. Bandura’s best way for predicting future behavior is often used today in applications- look at the person’s past behavior in a similar situation to predict how they will act. This is called an assessment strategy, by looking at their past behavior, or simulating a new situation you can get an accurate view of the person’s personality.
The social-cognitive theory is useful for determining future behavior, while Freud’s psychoanalysis only determines what the impetus of a specific personality aspect is. The humanistic personality theory is the theory suggested by Maslow and Rogers. Immediately a huge contrast between the humanist theory and the psychoanalytical theory is that the humanist perspective encourages theories focused on healthy people driving for

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