Essay about Forgetting As A Passive Process
Forgetting is assumed to be a passive process.
Retrieval-induced forgetting refers to the phenomenon in which retrieval of some studied items causes temporary inaccessibility of other studied items when both types are associated with a common retrieval cue. According to this view, the attempt to retrieve a target item also activates other items associated with the same retrieval cue(s), creating competition and requiring that the competing items be selected against. Intrinsic to such selection is the inhibition of competing items, which is then presumed to impair their subsequent recall. Thus, RIF can be thought of as an adaptive process that functions to resolve interference from competing information in order to facilitate the retrieval of target information and, in so doing, reduces access to the information that is selected against. Forgetting is something that one does purposely. It is a negative experience. The apparent inconsistency may be explained by examining the mechanism involved in retrieval-induced forgetting. Anderson and his colleagues (Anderson et al., 1994; Anderson & Spellman, 1995) conclude that retrieval-induced forgetting results from the suppression of selected-against responses. There may be interrogation techniques that can ameliorate the effects of retrieval-induced forgetting. One such possibility is the "cognitive interview" developed by Geiselman and Fisher (Fisher, Geiselman, & Amador, 1989; Geiselman, Fisher, MacKinnon, &…