Flourishing North American Cultures Essay example

1443 Words Oct 15th, 2008 6 Pages
2000 years before Europeans began to arrive in the New World, the last era of the pre-Columbian development began. North American cultures such as the Mississippian culture, the Hopewell Tradition, and the Hohokam culture experienced growth and environmental adaptation throughout this era. Major contributions and innovations of Native Americans have developed and been passed on through generations of ancestors.
Originating in 700 A.D., the Mississippian culture expanded through the Mississippi Valley and out into the southeastern states of Alabama, Georgia and Florida. For 800 years, until the 1550s, the Mississippian culture prospered. They cultivated a substantial amount of corn, by means of intensive farming, and other crops, such
…show more content…
The smaller tribes that settled on the east coast of North America never flourished in the way the Mississippian culture did, and never accomplished what they did in architecture, agriculture and earthwork sculpturing.
The Anasazi is the name given to the cultural groups that descended from the Ancient Pueblo culture. Having inhabited the Four Corners area from 300 B.C. to 1300 A.D., the Anasazi is on of the longest-lasting cultures of Pueblo history. Due to their intricate basketwork, the original Anasazi were known as the Basketmaker People. Their skill in basketmaking eventually diminished, though, as they adapted pottery and other innovations. A rapid incline in growth resulted because of such innovations in food storage, agriculture, trading and hunting. The addition of beans to their crops increased the net nutritional value of their crops. They domesticated the turkey and adapted the bow and arrow for hunting. New, more productive grinding basins were adapted for processing grains. Because of this population growth, the Ancient Pueblo culture spread.
The Anasazi Pueblo people were the most advanced culture in their area. They were skilled in astronomy, stone and architecture. They change in name from the Basketmaker People to Pueblo Anasazi is because of the period of advancement in which they developed a

Related Documents