evaluate the effectiveness of health and social care practitioners and agencies working together to deliver the care pathway for one of the chosen physiological disorders

3133 Words Feb 20th, 2014 13 Pages
Unit 14 – physiological disorders

P1 P2 P3
Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders
Explain the signs and symptoms
Describe the investigations that are carried out to enable the diagnosis.

The two physiological disorders I will be talking about in this assignment is hypertension and Diabetes.

Pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is a lung disorder. The arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs become narrowed, making it very hard for the blood to get through the vessels, this then causes the pressure in the arteries to increase more than usual (high blood pressure). Scientists think that the procedure starts with injury to the layer of cells that line the small blood vessels of the lungs.
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Also similar to these, there is a Chest CT scan, this also looks for blood clots and other lung conditions that may be contributing to or worsening pulmonary hypertension.

how is pulmonary hypertensions treated?

It is vital and essential for the diagnosis of the problem to be stated and made sure before looking for any treatment, there are some cases that have gone wrong because they didn't actually have hypertension. Treatment varies on the individual, it's based on the different fundamental causes but generally includes taking medications; making lifestyle and dietary changes; having surgery, if necessary; and seeing your doctor regularly.
There are lots of different medications that are available to treat pulmonary hypertension. Treatment choices, such as those listed below, depend on the strictness of pulmonary hypertension, the likelihood of progression, and individual drug tolerance.

Oxygen — replaces the low oxygen in your blood.
Anticoagulants or "blood thinners" such as warfarin sodium, this decreases blood clot configuration so blood flows more freely through blood vessels.
Diuretics or "water pills" such as furosemide, spironalactone this removes extra fluid from the tissues and bloodstream, which reduces swelling and makes breathing easier.
Potassium, this replaces potassium (an essential nutrient) that may be lost with increased

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