Different Theories Which Underpin Health And Social Care Practice Essay

1965 Words 8 Pages
Explain clearly the different theories which underpin health and social care practice ( U23.1)
Empowerment for individuals and the care vale base
According to (Pearson, 2016) empowerment allows individuals to make their own decisions and informed choices about their life and care. This therefore can promote independence as it allows service users to take control. For example, allowing service users to choose what they would like to eat for lunch. Empowerment is one many principles which lies at the heart of the care value base. (Base, 2016) states that the care vale base is a set of guidelines that every health and social professional should follow, to ensure all service users and patient receive the best care according to their specific
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Service users and patients should be involved in the preparation of their care plans. As care plans will help aid them to live independently, have as much control over their life as possible, participate in society on an equal level, with access to employment and a family life; have the best possible quality of life and to keep as much dignity and respect as possible. Care should be person-centred, this means that care is focused on the individual to ensure that independence and autonomy are promoted. For example, when planning support health and social care practitioners should use a variety of different methods to collect information about an individual’s unique qualities, abilities, interests and preferences as well as their needs. This means asking the individual what support or service they would like, to meet their needs. The health and social care practitioner should not make any decisions or start delivering a service without discussion and consultation with the individual involved, …show more content…
Giddens (2001) described discrimination as ‘activities or actions that deny to the members of the group resources or rewards which can be obtained by others’. Therefore, to discriminate is to distinguish between people on the basis of class or background without regard to individual merit. Examples can include; social, racial, religious, sexual, disability, ethnic.
Discriminatory actions or behaviour can lead to many individuals not having their needs met. This is because it can prevent people gaining access to support services that they may need to maintain their health and well-being. In some cases, this can lead to abuse, putting individuals at risk. Therefore, care workers need to ensure that they are aware of such behaviour, in order to employ anti-discriminatory practices in their own work.
(Petty and Petty, 2016) support this, as it suggests, equality and diversity are crucial to health and social care settings. Good equality and diversity practices make sure that the services provided to people are fair and accessible to everyone. They ensure that people are treated as equals, and that people get the dignity and respect they deserve and that their differences are

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