Ethical Theory Of Surrogacy

3555 Words 15 Pages
Register to read the introduction… According to the rights ethical theory, rights should be considered to be ethically correct and valid, should be protected, and should be given the highest priority (Bromham 510). For the gestational surrogate, she has the right to use her body, including fallopian tube and uterus, which will be used to perform surrogacy, by her own free will. It is her decision to earn payoff by volunteering herself to become a gestational surrogate. Furthermore, people have the rights to decide whether or not to donate eggs or sperms. For example, according to the guidelines by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and American Association of Tissue Banks, people who engage in sperm or egg donations have to be completely volunteering, and the contract between the gestational surrogate mother and the commissioning couple should be read, understood, agreed and accepted by both of them (O’Brien 1038). From this example, we can see rights can be clearly clarified and well considered by the contract. All processes of surrogacy are based on principle of voluntary. It shows the respect for autonomy and …show more content…
According to the care ethical theory, an ethical choice should build, strengthen or maintain strong and good relationships. The caring for relationships is the fundamental factor during this kind of ethical consideration (Bromham 511). After completing all processes of surrogacy, a child can be born in good physical health, but mental health of this child cannot be guaranteed. This child will have multiple mother relationships, which are the complex relationships between the genetic mother, the gestational mother and the social mother. According to the scientific introductions above, the genetic mother is the woman who provides the egg, the gestational mother is the woman who carries and delivers the baby, and the social mother is the woman who raises the baby up. It is confusing to define which mother is “the one”. This confusion may destroy the relationships between the child and mothers. For example, Mr. and Mrs. W in the United Kingdom in 2009, whose identities have been protected, paid £4,500 to Miss N for surrogacy. After the treatment of artificial insemination by using Mr. W’s sperm and Miss N’s egg, Miss N successfully got pregnant. After delivering, Miss N refused to hand over the baby girl. She claimed that Mr. and Mrs. W only wanted a toy. In the meantime, the couple attempted to force Miss N to give up the baby. After a six-month court battle, Miss N won to keep the baby (Hofman 450). In this case, the baby was too young to understand the complex relationships, but the relationships between the commissioning couple and the surrogate mother were already hard to deal with. From this precedent, we can see the mental health of the intended couple, the surrogate mother and the child born from surrogacy should be cared about and

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