Essay On Prostitution In Ancient India

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Prostitute is a person who allows her body to be used for sexual activities for payment. So, prostitution is sale of sexual services like oral sex or sexual intercourse for compensation. It is one of the oldest professions of the world and has been there since time immemorial. In ancient India prostitutes were referred as Devdasis, who originally were celibate dancing girls used in temple ceremonies and for entertainment of upper class. Devadasi literally means God’s female servant (Dev+Dasi). Around 6th Century the practice of dedicating girls to Hindu gods developed into ritualized prostitution. In ancient India there was also the practice of having a Nagarvadhu(courtesan). There is mention of prostitution even in Vedas and
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• A report by the United Nations Centre for Development and Population Activities indicates that approximately 200 girls and women in India enter sex work every day. More than 160 are coerced into it.
• A quarter of the total numbers of prostitutes are minors in most of the red-light districts all over India. Cage prostitutes who are mostly minors are from Nepal and Bangladesh. Forms of trafficking include: economic incentives offered to parents, fake jobs or marriage promises, abductions. The promotion of tourism in Goa and Madurai, India’s top beach holiday destinations appears to be resulting in rising numbers of prostituted children. In India alone, there are an estimated 2.3 million in prostitution, a quarter of whom are minors and children.
• About 5,000-7,000 Nepalese girls are trafficked to India every day. 100,000-160,000 Nepalese girls have been prostituted in brothels in India. About 45,000 Nepalese girls are in the brothels of Bombay and 40,000 in
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The preamble of this convention states that “Whereas prostitution and the associated evil of the traffic in persons for the purpose of prostitution are unsuited with the dignity and worth of the human person and jeopardise the welfare of the individual, the family and the community." This convention has 28 articles in which States Parties agree to proscribe several kinds of procurement of prostitutes (articles 1 to 15), encourages the protection and recovery of prostitutes (article 16), to keep a check on trafficking for the purpose of prostitution, to ensure appropriate mechanisms for the deportation of immigrants (articles 17 to 19). The Convention also has a final protocol which avows that nothing in this Convention shall be deemed to bias any legislation which ensures protection against the suppression of the traffic in persons and of the exploitation of others for purposes of prostitution, if those laws provide harsher conditions than those provided by the Convention. In the year 1956 the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act (SITA) was passed, which was amended and changed into Immoral Traffic Prevention Act 1986 also known as PITA. The act came into force on 26th January 1987. It is the main statute dealing with prostitution or sex work in India. The objective of Act was to

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