Englsih Essay

1472 Words Jul 16th, 2012 6 Pages
General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Examination January 2012

Sociology
Unit 2 Friday 20 January 2012
For this paper you must have:  an AQA 12-page answer book.

SCLY2
9.00 am to 11.00 am

Time allowed  2 hours Instructions  Use black ink or black ball-point pen.  Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Examining Body for this paper is AQA. The Paper Reference is SCLY2.  This paper is divided into two sections.  Choose one section and answer all the questions in that section.  Do not answer questions from more than one section.  Do all rough work in your answer book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. Information  The marks for questions are shown in brackets.
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However, critics claim that the importance of such cultural factors has been overstated. Instead, they argue that material factors in pupils’ home background are the key to understanding class differences in achievement. 0 0 1 2 Explain what is meant by the term ‘meritocracy’.

5

10

(2 marks)

Suggest three factors within schools that may lead to the educational under-achievement of pupils from some minority ethnic groups. (6 marks) Outline some of the reasons for gender differences in subject choice. (12 marks)

0 0

3 4

Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the importance of cultural factors in causing social class differences in educational achievement. (20 marks)

GJ74914/Jan12/SCLY2

3 Methods in Context This question requires you to apply your knowledge and understanding of sociological research methods to the study of this particular issue in education. Read Item B below and answer the question that follows. Item B Investigating applications and admissions to secondary schools Sociologists are interested in the processes by which pupils and their parents apply to, and pupils are admitted to, secondary schools. Much evidence suggests that working-class and minority ethnic group pupils are less likely to apply or to gain admission to higher status schools with good results. Sociologists sometimes study applications and admissions to secondary schools by analysing documents. For example,…

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