Englsih Essay

1472 Words Jun 18th, 2012 6 Pages
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Essay Sample: Page 2
However, critics claim that the importance of such cultural factors has been overstated. Instead, they argue that material factors in pupils’ home background are the key to understanding class differences in achievement. 0 0 1 2 Explain what is meant by the term ‘meritocracy’.



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(2 marks)



Suggest three factors within schools that may lead to the educational under-achievement of pupils from some minority ethnic groups. (6 marks) Outline some of the reasons for gender differences in subject choice. (12 marks)



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Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the importance of cultural factors in causing social class differences in educational achievement. (20 marks)



GJ74914/Jan12/SCLY2



3 Methods in Context This question requires you to apply your knowledge and understanding of sociological research methods to the study of this particular issue in education. Read Item B below and answer the question that follows. Item B Investigating applications and admissions to secondary schools Sociologists are interested in the processes by which pupils and their parents apply to, and pupils are admitted to, secondary schools. Much evidence suggests that working-class and minority ethnic group pupils are less likely to apply or to gain admission to higher status schools with good results. Sociologists sometimes study applications and admissions to secondary schools by analysing documents. For example,
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