Emergence Of Ko And Kos Essay
During the late 20th century, International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO) was founded, and historically derived from the Society for Classification in Frankfurt to promote academic research on the philosophical research in the context of library and information science. In this sense, Knowledge Organization (KO) has been contributed to the following areas of research: indexing, classification, metadata schemes, encoding standards, and other rules of codification for establishing an effective Knowledge Organization System (KOS). The codification of recorded information has applied into organizations such as libraries, archives, museums, digital libraries within various contexts and for various purposes. For the purpose of information retrieval and preservation, KOS is expected to fully equip with a matching function between subject representation and knowledge objects, for example, works in Foucault’s perspective. For Svenonius (2010), KOS is oriented: to bring bibliographic entities, e.g. documents, to provide access to the documents, and ultimately to meet patron’s information needs-mostly finding objectives.
Hence, the KOS is an objective semantic structure of matching myriad concepts in various domains based on classifying rules so that enables communication between the systems and users. The success of KOS depends on several requirements.
The first prerequisite is analyzing a variety of domain. A domain can be understood based on the…