Effects Of Stress In Sport

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Sport participation demands both physical and psychological exhaustion of athletes. Beginning with youth leagues and continuing on to the professional level, athletes are forced to deal with the pressures that come with competing against others in events that are significant to the athletes and others, such as parents, coaches, and peers. Some athletes adapt successfully with this tension, and for them sports are pleasurable. Others unable to adapt find sports to be a stressful experience. Stress is defined as a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances. The emotional responses are likely to happen when we see ourselves unable to cope with the demand of a situation that has the potential …show more content…
There is evidence that this is the exact reason why many stress ridden young athletes quit sports. Avoiding or quitting sports is one way some children escape from an activity they find threatening. Stress not only affects athletes’ emotions but also how they perform. All of us have seen athletes “choke” under high levels of stress. When under great pressure, even gifted athletes can perform below their typical levels. A key to understanding how stress impacts performance is the association between physical stimulation and performance. When physical stimulation is absent or extremely low, athletes frequently remark they do not perform as well as they are able. As stimulation increases, so does performance, but only to a certain point. After that optimal stimulation point, stimulation begins to inhibit behavior, and humans experience a drop in performance. Research has also recorded that the more convoluted or problematic the task, the less physical stimulation it requires to inhibit performance. Therefore, it takes less stimulation to interfere with an archer or golfer 's performance than with a football player’s or track athlete. High-pressure athletes who cannot control their emotions are likely to experience higher-than-optimal levels of stimulation and perform below their typical level. The failure that results only reinforces these individuals’ fears and undermines their …show more content…
Some coaches and athletes speak of mental toughness as if it were a quality one was born with, when in reality, mental toughness is a set of specific, learned attitudes and skills. Mentally tough athletes psychologically evaluate themselves and pressure situations in ways that stimulate a positive desire to attain rather than a fear of failure. Independence from the troublesome effects of fear of failure enables them to distillate on the duty instead of worrying about the possible negative outcomes that could happen if they fail in the situation. Another specific ability that backs mental toughness is the capability to keep physical stimulation within manageable restrictions. These athletes are able to get ready with enough stimulation to enhance their performance without being mentally unstable by excessive stimulation. What mental toughness amounts to is specific ways of perceiving the competitive situation and abilities relating to self-mastery and

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