Dot And Non Dot Alcohol And Illicit Drug Screening Essays

1237 Words Sep 26th, 2015 5 Pages
DOT and non-DOT Alcohol and Illicit Drug Screening
Illicit drugs are a large problem within the workplace, especially in Louisiana, as it ranked within the top ten states with the most illicit drug use in the United States. Louisiana’s drug-induced death rate is at an alarming seven percent, higher than the national average. In order to reduce these staggering rates within both the United States and Louisiana, numerous drug and alcohol testing programs have been implemented. These various types of testing programs can either be performed by the Department of Transportation (DOT) or by non-DOT testing agents; depending on where an individual’s occupation falls. These programs are similar, testing to find abusers of alcohol and illicit drugs within the workplace. However, certain professions and companies will be forced to comply with one or the other with both having different yet similar requirements for testing. Currently the DOT drug screenings require laboratory testing for several different classes of narcotics, enacted by the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991. Marijuana, Cocaine, Opiates – opium and codeine derivatives, Amphetamines, and Methamphetamines are all part of the five-panel drug test required by the DOT. Safety-sensitive employees are subject to testing. A safety sensitive employee is someone who is performing a safety-sensitive function during any period in which he or she is actually performing, ready to perform, or immediately available…

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