Difference Between Realism And Liberalism

1602 Words 7 Pages
Carin, Gladys Ian T. IRO
BA in Political Science

In order for a state to survive, it must learn how to communicate with other states. States have different national interest that may contravene with other states and may result into tragedies like war between states and its allies. International relations or IR was created to study and understand relations among states and know the cause of conflict between states so that it could prevent war from happening. International relations try to make foreign relations better so that war may be altered. Foreign relations include trade between nations and how they interact with one another.
International relations has different theories. Theories such as realism and liberalism are the principal
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Realism can be compared to Hobbesian theory of classical realism having a pessimistic view of world politics and state to state relations. It says that world politics or relations between states is a struggle among states with different self-interests and especially on the struggle to be the most powerful state. Each state competes with one another depending on their national interest and because of that world peace under a world government is impossible. In realism, realists see international relations as a means of securing their state interests. This is because having relationship with states may help each other states to maintain its existence even though cooperation and change between states are limited. As that being said, I will go to the questions of 1) The role of international organizations in building world peace, 2) balance of power and hegemony and 3) state sovereignty. These questions will be answered and explained in correlation with the realists’ point of …show more content…
First we must know the definitions of power and hegemony. Power is defined as “man’s control over the minds and actions of another men or the ability to control people to behave in a certain way” (Morgenthau, 1946) is similar to the definitions of the state for the realists. Realists believe that the behavior or states towards each other is based upon the constant struggle of power. “International politics as observed in reality is essentially power politics” (P Toledo, 2005). So the question of how to balance the power and prevent hegemony arrives. Balancing of power can be done in different ways; it can be done by making stronger states weaker to balance the weak ones or making weak states stronger to balance the stronger one. Or it could be maintaining into the equilibrium where the United States are recognized as a super power that is hard to be contested and other states are neutralized because of it. In realism, balance of power and the rise of hegemony can be achieved through war. Through war, states can overthrow other states that take advantage of their military capabilities. These are done through alliances with weaker states joining up together and becoming stronger. The balances of power among states differ on how strong and weak they are. Strong states uses balance of power by maintaining as the stronger state that cannot be contested and weaker states depends their

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