Essay about Diabetes : A Major Global Health Challenge

1041 Words May 5th, 2015 null Page
Diabetes continues to be a major global health challenge and currently, one in ten Americans is diabetic. Preventing and controlling diabetes is highly significant to prolonging life and improving the quality of life. According to MedlinePlus (2015), there is an increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. The International Diabetes Federation [IDF] (2014) reported that 0.02% of the 1.8 billion children in the world are diabetic; this is about 440,000, with 70,000 new cases each year. In the United States, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (2014) further stated that the last two decades, has seen a marked increase in type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents. This is attributable to various risk factors which will be discussed. Prevention is of utmost importance in reducing the morbidity and mortality rates due to diabetes. It is never too early to adopt public health best practices to mitigate the risks involved, as a good number of deaths due to diabetes in children, occur prior to diagnosis, and as a result of lack of access to insulin (IDF, 2014).
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition and is defined by Battle (2009), as an endocrine disorder, in which the body cannot metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and proteins due to lack of, or ineffective use of insulin. According to Healthy People 2020 (2015), Diabetes Mellitus occurs due to the body’s inability to produce insulin or respond appropriately to insulin. The body’s…

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