Description Of A Patient With Diabetes Essay
Osteomyelitis in a patient with diabetes
Description of orthopedic related condition:
Osteomyelitis (OM) is the condition in which the bone or bone marrow becomes infected or inflamed (Malhotra, Shu-Yi Chan, & Nather, 2014). Diabetes is a prevalent metabolic disease with several complications. In particular, individuals with diabetes suffer from frequent foot ulcers. Therefore, patients with diabetes are highly susceptible to infection. The most common bacteria or fungi species to induce an infection in these patients are caused by Candida, Aspergillus, and Rhizopus (Babamahmoodi et al., 2015). Infection in these patients often goes undetected which leads to a possible limb amputation. The risk of amputation is four times greater with OM instead of a soft tissue infection. Successful treatment of OM is a combination of antibiotic therapy and surgical procedures. However, infection is preventable through annual examinations of foot lesions, sensation, anatomical changes, and vascular circulation.
Patient history and chief concerns, diagnoses and treatment
A 68-year-old male with a history of type II diabetes for the past two years was admitted to the infection ward of Razi Hospital, Mazandran, Iran on November 2014. Within the past 6 months, he had two ulcers on his right heel bone and was hospitalized twice with no observable improvement. In past physical exams, he had two wounds on the right heel bones with erythema, soft tissue…