Cuban Revolution : Cuban Politics Essays

785 Words Oct 25th, 2015 4 Pages
Cuban Leader Fidel Castro came to power in 1959. He established the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere after leading an overthrow of the military U.S. backed dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959. Fidel ruled over Cuba for nearly five decades, until finally handing over his power to his younger brother Raul in 2008.
Before Castro’s Regime, American corporations and wealthy individuals owned almost half of Cuba’s sugar plantations and the majority of its cattle ranches, mines and utilities. Batista did nothing to restrict their operations. Batista dominated Cuban politics through 1958, throughout the period, corruption, violence, and cynicism marked political life. But Batista was overthrown by Castro’s rebel army in 1959. As soon as Fidel Castro came into power, he took steps to reduce American influence on Cuba.
In 1960, several major changes helped define Cuba’s future. First Castro nationalized all U.S. owned businesses, including oil refineries, factories and casinos without compensation. He did this because the U.S. owned oil refineries refused to process the oil that was imported from the Soviet Union. The United States then decided to end all diplomatic relations and impose a trade embargo on all exports to Cuba and suspended the sugar quota. President John F. Kennedy established the embargo as a way to reduce the Communist threat. In other to terminate the embargo, Cuba must legalize all political activity, release all political prisoners, commit…

Related Documents