Female Reproductive System

Good Essays
Critical Thinking
Case: A 27 year old pregnant woman has been told by her physician that she is in labor. She has completely dilated to 10 centimeters and is now in the second stage of labor. The physician informed her that the head of the baby appears first, which is referred to as crowning. He also stated that in some cases the baby's buttocks will appear first.
Questions:
1) What state of delivery is she in?
She is in the second stage delivery which means she is ready to deliver the baby; this stage is call expulsion stage and ends with the delivery of the baby. The expulsion stage occurs when the cervix is completely dilated and no longer blocks the baby's head. If in the early stages of labor contractions had the function of open and
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The last stage of delivery is the placenta stage. Immediately after childbirth, the uterus continues to contract, causing the placenta to be expelled though the vagina.
4) Briefly, list and describe the anatomy of the reproductive system.
We have female anatomy reproductive system and male reproductive system.
Female Anatomy:
Breasts= Also called mammary glands, play a vital role in the reproductive process because they produce milk, a process called lactation, to nourish the newborn.
Uterine tubes= Also called the fallopian tubes or oviducts, are approximately 5 ½ inches long and run from the area around each ovary to either side of the upper portion of the uterus.
Uterus= the uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ that contains a thick muscular wall, a mucous membrane lining, and a rich supply of blood. It lies in the center of the pelvic cavity between the bladder and the rectum.
Ovary= there are two ovaries, one located on each side of the uterus within the pelvic cavity.
These are small almond-shaped glands that produce ova and the female sex hormones.
Vagina= the vagina is a muscular tube lined with mucous membrane that extends from the
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Vulva= the vulva is a general term that refers to the group of structures that make up the female external genitalia.
Male Anatomy Reproductive System
Testes= the testes or testicles are oval in shape and are responsible for the production of sperm.
Epididymis= each epididymis is a coiled tubule that lies on top of the testes within the scrotum.
This elongated structure serves as the location for sperm maturation and storage until they are ready to be released into the vas deferens.
Penis= the penis is the male sex organ containing erectile tissue that is encased in the skin. This organ delivers semen into the female vagina.
Vas deferens= each vas deferens carries sperm from the epididymis up into the pelvic cavity.
They travel up in front of the urinary bladder, over the top, and the back down the posterior side of the bladder to empty into the urethra.
Seminal vesicles= the two seminal vesicles are small glands located at the base of the urinary bladder. These vesicles are connected to the vas deferens just before it empties into the urethra.
The seminal vesicles secrete a glucose- rich fluid that nourishes the sperm. This liquid, along with the sperm, constitutes semen, the fluid that is eventually ejaculated during

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