Consciousness And Unconsciousness In Rem Sleep Experiment

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Register to read the introduction… The two states of consciousness observed in this experiment are consciousness and unconsciousness. Consciousness is defined as a state that is “awake, aware and responsive to sensory stimulation” (Van Gulick, 2011). Subjects will be induced with specific emotions during a conscious aware state that they would normally be in throughout the course of an average day. Conscious emotional readings will serve as the control in the experiment to be compared to by other conscious states. Unconsciousness, based on the definition of consciousness, is a state where the individual is neither awake nor aware and cannot explicitly interact with the surrounding world. In this study, experimenters will be looking explicitly at brain activity during REM sleep when there is the highest probability of dream state (Wilkerson, 2013). The emotions induced in this experiment will be anger, sadness, happiness, and fear. But emotions in this experiment are defined by the brain activity of a specific individual. Differences in brain activation are observed in one individual between conscious states not across other …show more content…
Before being placed into the fMRI, participants will be observed in a sleep clinic. During this observation, researchers will look to see who moves an excess amount in his sleep and those who move excessively will be retrained in the fMRI to prevent distortion in the readings. Also EEG recording will be compared to heart rate to find the heart rate during REM sleep. In this study, to help with patient comfort heart rate readings will be used instead of EEG readings. Heart rate readings have been proven to detect REM sleep just as effectively as EEG readings (Yaso, Nuruki, Tsujimura, & Yunokuchi, 2006). Therefore, conscious heart rate in a neutral state will be used as a baseline and will be recorded prior to sleep.
To try to induce emotions in dreams, the conscious controls will be induced immediately prior to sleep. This way participants will have these emotions on the mind as the most recent explicit memory making the odds of their induction in sleep more likely. Heart rate monitors and possibly restraints will be placed on the participants and they will be asked to try and fall asleep. Noise cancelling headphones may be provided if the fMRI machine noise makes sleep
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