Confucius Vs. Modern Confucian Values Essay example

1739 Words Oct 21st, 2016 7 Pages
Written during the Period of Warring states, The Analects consists of what Confucius and his disciples believed to be the key values required for a harmonious society. Through various exchanges between an entity only recognized as “The Master” and people of other backgrounds such as Dukes and students, the disciples define the fundamental Confucian values that everyone in society must conform to such as ren (kindness), yi (altruism), li (everyday norms), and zhi (morality). The discourses evince a very conservative stance when it comes to citizens conforming to these values in that “The Master”, or Confucius, is unrelenting in his criticism of the “small man” or anyone led astray from the traditional Confucian values. Centrally, Confucius argues that the essence of the ideal society is a combination of filial piety and benevolence through observing the rights as well as leadership by the superior men, or junzi. Through The Analects, Confucius models his argument in a manner that he encapsulates the aspects of filial piety, benevolence, and gentleman values into one single continuum to illustrate how they are all interconnected.
The Analects begins by elaborating primarily on the citizen’s duty to the family. Not only is he resolute in its importance, but he also extends his claim to mention that it is the chief facet of character as he notes that “Being good as a son and obedient as a young man is, perhaps the root of a man’s character” (Confucius, 59). Moreover, when Meng…

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