Greek Rationalism, Daoism And Confucianism

1619 Words 7 Pages
Imagine living in Greece around 600 and 300 B.C.E. when Greek rationalism emerged. Now imagine living in China during the warring states period when Chinese philosophies emerged. Do you think life in both of these different regions would be more similar or different? Which region would you rather live in Greece or China? Why? Okay, well during the time Greek rationalism and the Chinese philosophies like Legalism, Daoism, and Confucianism, emerged they shaped the political systems and most importantly the beliefs of the people living in their states. Greek rationalism key beliefs were that the world is a physical reality governed by natural laws that could be understood by human. Whereas, all the Chinese philosophies had different key ideas. …show more content…
Legalists believed that peace and order can only be obtained through a strong government. They also believed that humans were evil and needed a strong forceful hand in order to do the right thing, and in order to do the right thing harsh punishments and tough laws needed to be created. Because of Legalism brutal enforcement of laws, many commoners turned to Confucianism and Daoism, even though the government followed legalism. The only reason that Legalism adopted this government was to gain control of other …show more content…
The founder of this social and political philosophy was Confucius, who was born to a rich family in Northern China and became a teacher and political advisor His thoughts and saying were recorded in the book, Analects. Confucianism focuses on five fundamental relationships; ruler to subject, parent to child, husband and wife, older to younger siblings, and friend and friend. They believe when all people follow the right structure and roles society is orderly and predictable. Some of the key concepts of Confucianism were ren, humanity, kindness, and benevolence, Li, propriety, courtesy, and deference to elders, and xiao, filial piety. It was believed that everyone who fulfilled these roles of ren, li and xiao would become excellent administrators. Under Confucianism, political orders were not supported, instead good people were promoted. One of the disadvantages of Confucianism was that women were viewed as second class citizens under Confucianism. Confucianism spread rapidly because it was not a threat to their religions, and due to its philosophical nature, it could be blended with other

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