Confucianism In Classical China

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While Greece and Rome had centered around politics and government ideas, classical China focuses on family and leadership from the gods. Folk beliefs, Confucianism, and Taoism led to classical Chinese characteristics. In early times, Chinese performed rituals to soothe the nature Gods. Ancestors were worshipped for the communication with the Gods. These beliefs strengthened the family core. Confucianism is a belief that is based on more philosophical than religious ideas. Confucian concerns are ethical and considered the family the basic unit of society. Elders were respected, and men were made, not born. These beliefs led to the mandate of Heaven which said “a good ruler was thought to possess a divine right to govern,” and “If a ruler governed …show more content…
This idea first came from the religion Hinduism as a path to eternal life with their god Brahman. Being at the top of the caste meant you were closer to reaching Brahman than the bottom group of people. If you do not reach Moksha, or life with Brahman, when you die, you will reincarnate back into the caste system. To move up the caste you can carry out your Dharma, or your moral duty. The tally of the good and bad you do is tallied at the end of your life and determines if you are given the chance to move up in the caste system when you are reincarnated. This religious thought put in a framework for the institution of the state. At the top of the caste was Brahmins, or priests and scholars, second was the warriors or Kshatriya, next is the merchants and peasants. Outside the system was “untouchables” or outcasts grouped with the slaves. The Sanskrit and other pieces of literature encouraged education and united the Indian people. The tedious and never ending cycle in Hinduism encouraged others to find a different belief. One religion that became popular was Buddhism. Their ideas were mingled into the Hindu system while the classical Buddhism was spread to China, Japan, and Southeast Asia. This religion believed in not Karma, but changing their thoughts towards one 's fate by surrendering desire. In one lifetime you can reach Nirvana, or the equivalent to Moksha, by following eight rules called the Eightfold Path. The success of this religion can be associated with the many temples, statues, rituals, and articles of faith that spread throughout the world. Indian art was centered around their religious beliefs. Many gods were depicted with animals such as elephants or crocodiles. The ruins of their cities showed “technical expertise to organize large, coordinated building projects.” These cities such as Mohenjo-daro was planned with straight streets, and drains to carry away waste which was

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