Complications Of Obesity And The Social Models Of Health

1632 Words 7 Pages
In the last 150 years infectious diseases have disappeared and chronic diseases have risen. Epidemics such as obesity have caused the social models of health to improve order to more effectively improve the treatment of patients. A representation of this is the change from the medical model to the more modern socials model. This is due to current health epidemics being more complicated than just the patient’s physical health. With the increasing prevalence of obesity, diseases such as diabetes, ischemic heart disease and certain cancers have also increased. We can use health models effectively to better explain the causes of these diseases (Candlib, 2007). Therefore improving the general well being of a population effectively.

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In the twentieth century social factors have played a contributing cause towards the obesity epidemic. Obesity is the leading risk for global deaths with 3.4 million people dying from the complications of the epidemic (World Health Organisation). Complications of the disease are: Ischemic heart disease, diabetes and certain cancers (Candlib, 2007). Increases in prevalence of health conditions associated with the obesity epidemic are due to many causes. However there are 2 key proximate factors: Food Consumption and workplace changes. Food consumption across the world is increasing by substantial amounts in developed countries. Humans are consuming more high calorie foods than ever before. This is due to the types of foods we are choosing to incorporate into our diet. High processed foods are now more accessible than ever before, especially in low socio economic urban areas (Browne, 2005). Processed foods are also cheaper than healthier foods allowing almost all individuals to have access to them. Work places are also changing throughout the twentieth century. In the 1900s: Majority of the population in the United States worked in agriculture. Where as now less than 5% of the population in the United States work in this sector now. Working in this field requires large amount of expendable energy therefore it requires large amounts of high calorie food. Farmers need these types of …show more content…
It is able to do this successfully as it joins psychological, behavioural and social aspects of health into one model (Engel, 1977). By understanding the nature of the disease and the social and biological factors that influence the disease we can explore possible solutions to reduce the prevalence of the diseases caused by obesity. This will increase the overall health outcomes of the population. This is the reason why social model is now widely used in society to combat such chronic illnesses (Cockerham, 2007). The Biopsychosocial model was the first social model to be developed. It radically changed the way health professionals worked and how future students were taught. Rather than victim blaming obese individuals the model looks at social, biological and psychological factors that have had a possible impact on this type of behaviour (Borrell-Carrio, 2004). This was accomplished by identifying the social factors with the main cause being globalisation. Changes in economic policies and globalisation lead to unhealthy food being inexpensive and much easier to obtain. Also with the advancement in technology, processed foods have become more common. The positives for this model are that it covers both proximal and distal factors. While the negatives

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