Essay about Comparing The Iliad And The Odyssey

814 Words Sep 28th, 2015 4 Pages
Though there are many works from ancient Greece that survived, there are two authors that are the most well-known or frequently taught. Homer’s two epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, are perhaps the most well-known, because of the heroes epic battles of strength and wit against those deemed as enemies. Hesiod’s Works and Days, however, may be the most pertinent to finding out how everyday citizens of ancient Greece went about their everyday lives. These epics detail the lives of both extraordinary and ordinary men’s lives in ancient Greece. When compared to one another, Homer’s heroic world and Hesiod’s more common world have many similarities, such as views towards religion and right and wrong, and a significant difference, the role of women. The first similarity would be their views and actions towards religion. Prayer is perhaps the most prominent facet of their religious tendencies. In book one of the Iliad, the priest Chryses prays, “‘Hear me, lord of the silver bow… if ever it pleased your heart that I built your temple… let your arrows make the Danaäns pay for my tears shed’” (Bauschatz, 2). Chryses prays to Apollo, who hears him and unleashes a plague upon the Greeks. Hesiod outlines a prayer during autumn, “Pray to Zeus, god under the land, and to holy Demeter, that the grain / might be heavy, the grain of Demeter, and come to completeness” (62). In the Odyssey, Odysseus offers his own kind of prayer, “… some way of gaining my revenge against him, / if Athena would…

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