Essay about Code of Hammurabi and the Book of Exodus
22. If a man carried on highway robbery and he be captured, he shall be put to death. 23. If the highwayman were not captured, he who has been robbed shall declare before God, the amount lost; then the place and official in whose territory and district the robbery too place shall compensate him for that which he lost. 24. If it were a life, the place and official shall pay one mina of silver to his people.
Capital punishment is reserved for a small number of offences, and the fact that robbery is included in this list supports the idea of a society highly concerned with material wealth. The 23rd law that states that the victims of robbery are to be reimbursed by the states points to a highly organized and powerful government. The 24th law actually puts a monetary value on a human life, which is not seen in Israelite society. Laws 42-48 in the Code of Hammurabi deal with renting and leasing agricultural fields. They enumerate how payments are to be made in a list of special circumstances such as drought or crop failure. Law number 43 goes so far as to say “If he does not till the field, but let it lie fallow, he shall give grain like his neighbor's to the owner of the field, and the field which he let lie fallow he must plow and