Cloning Is The Process Of Creating A New Organism Essay

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Cloning is the process of creating a new organism that is genetically identical to a single common ancestor. Genetic information from a single parent organism is copied. Cloning is done by nuclear transfer, which is when the nucleus of an egg is removed and replaced with a nucleus from a donor cell. Energy is created in order to jumpstart the cells to start dividing. There are two types of cloning: Therapeutic cloning and Reproductive cloning. Therapeutic cloning is when the cloned cells are harvested shortly after dividing in order to grow new tissues for organ transplant and treat diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. Reproductive cloning involves creating an identical organism through somatic cell nuclear transfer, and then destroying the embryo after. Both types of cloning are being experimented with in Biotechnology. Cloning is a controversial topic in which scientists, researchers, and others have strong opinions on.
Cloning involves scientists taking a somatic cell from the “parent” organism, taking out the cell’s nucleus, and discarding the rest. This nucleus contains the DNA needed to create a genetically identical daughter cell. One example of cloning is with Dolly the sheep, cloned by scientists in 1996. Dolly was made from a mammary gland cell that was implanted into an egg cell. A diverse amount of adult cells have now been successfully cloned to create animals like cows, mice, pigs, and goats. There are some challenges with reproductive cloning. Somatic…

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