Essay on Child Labor And The Industrial Revolution

1277 Words Nov 30th, 2016 6 Pages
During the 19th century, the increase of labor grew, men, women, and even children worked. But, what happened to America to accepted the usage of child labor? Simply, The Industrial Revolution. Moreover, with the economy moving from farming to manufacture based, families began to struggle financially, parent were not able to support their families, leading to have their children to help out. It was quite common for families to have their children to work, instead of pursuing an education. Furthermore, according to the Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, with the widespread of child labor in the United States, it resulted with, “children constituted 5.92 percent of the total workforce in 1870” (Hindman 32). The number continued to grow until the early 20th century. Throughout, the 19th century, children were permitted to work in strict, unhealthy, harsh conditions, risking their life for a small wage, but as time passed society began to challenge the use of child labor with enforcement of laws, and unexpected inspections.
From the late 18th century to the 1860s, there was around “two million spindles in over 1200 cotton factories and 1500 woolen factories in the United States” (The First American Factories). These factories were mainly staffed by women and children, because they were a source of cheap labor. Additionally, with children being small, they were more useful having the ability to fit in places where other adult could not. The women…

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