Case Study: Coexistence Of Malnutrition In China

762 Words 4 Pages
Title: Coexistence of malnutrition and obesity
Sub title: how to be more nutrition-smart in China?

Problems: Malnutrition in rural areas Obesity in urban areas
China has succeeded in feeding 18% of world population with only 7% of cultivated land(Zhang, 2011). Since fewer people are starving, consideration had been given to shifting focus from alleviating hunger to nutrition smart. Simultaneous challenges of obesity and malnutrition have determined the difficulty of gaining the objective of being nutrition smart in China. Weight gain and obesity in urban China, which are prevalent among both adults and children, has reached a relatively high degree in China (Du et al, 2002). Malnutrition usually appears in rural areas due to the rooted
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It is significantly difficult, not only guaranteeing enough food to eat, but also eating nutritious.
• Income level: Lower agricultural subsidy, difficulty of accessing to community service due to institutional obstacles and reducing price of produce deepens the income imbalance.(Fan, 2015). Therefore, the accomplishment of nutrition transition in China requires the shrinking of the distance between different income levels (Attard et.al, 2015).
• Eating habits: Increasing consumption of edible vegetable oil, sweetening products and snacking demonstrates the excessive intake of fat and carbohydrate which will lead to obesity and non communicable diseases (Popkin, 2014).
• Cross infection and food deterioration: Zoonosis such as swine flu(H1N1) and bird flu(H5N1 and H7N9) caused by complicated and expanded food supply chain threatens human health and also the food supply chain in China.

Solution:
Government has
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Attard, S., Howard, A., Herring, A., Bing, Z., Shufa, D., Aiello, A., Popkin, B. and Gordon-Larsen, P. 2015. Differential associations of urbanicity and income with physical activity in adults in urbanizing China: findings from the population-based China Health and Nutrition Survey 1991-2009. International Journal Of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity. 12. pp. 1-12. Food Science Source.
2. Popkin, B.M. 2014. Synthesis and implications: China 's nutrition transition in the context of changes across other low- and middle-income countries. Obesity Reviews. 15(1). pp. 60-67
3. Fan, M.S., Shen, J.B., Yuan, L.X., Jiang, R.F., Chen, X.P., Davies, W.J and Zhang, F.S. 2012. Improving crop productivity and resource use efficiency to ensure food security and environmental quality in China.
J. Exp. Bot. 63. pp. 13–24.
4. FAO. 2014. FAO statistical year book: Asia and the Pacific food and agriculture. [Online]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3590e.pdf. [Accessed 29 Nov

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