Income Inequality In China

1651 Words 7 Pages
China’s income inequality started rising when the country’s adapted central planning where attempt to boost fast growth of heavy industries in urban areas when they launched market-oriented reforms and opened the economy in 1978. However, this Chinese economic growth has helped many people get out of poverty. But there are people still suffering from absolute poverty from long-term unemployed, low-income households, rural-urban migrant workers and farmers living in rural areas today.

The incomes of the poor have been growing, yet it appears that the rich are also getting richer much faster. This is due to development policies that favor only in heavy industry, cities and special economic zones in coastal areas. As a result, urban residents
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Most of them living in rural areas where government implemented policy has failed to make impact. There are several major causes of poverty in China that high level of the most common causes of poverty. Rural-urban migration creates causes of poverty because when people are moving into urban area to search of high-paying jobs while this creates a substantial amount of poverty in the cities with people taking underpaying jobs and increasing their cost of living than people in the rural areas. This substantially left behind especially women, children and elderly for to survive in daily. Moreover, compulsory education system between urban and rural area causes the increase gap of poverty. Rural children are struggle to deteriorating buildings, poor materials and substandard education whereas urban student has full access to the state-of-the art facilities to learn. Lastly, access to healthcare in rural area is challenging than in urban area under the control of government. While all of the administration of funding comes from the local government, rural area’s local government often underfund and lacking to provide medical clinic …show more content…
About 30 years ago in 1986, Chinese population was just 1 billion and after 10 years in 1996, 1.2 billion and yearly percentage of change was between 1.2~1.5. However, since 2000 population yearly change has significantly dropped in 2005 to 2010, China only experienced only changes in 0.4 percent. Chinese population forecast in the future is that in 2020, they are expected to have 1.4 billion and in 2015, 1.3 billion and this is a decrease of -0.39 percent compare of in 2015. The global sex ration in China was approximately 1016 in males and 1000 females.

In 1970, China introduced explicit government policy, which called One-Child Policy where couples are allowed to have only one child or else face the possibility of fines, sterilizations and abortions. When this policy ends this year, most couples will be restricted to have two children. However, coupled with new economic and social pressures to success, many decided to stop with one child, or to not have any at all. As a result, the population growth is below level of 2.1 and some are even under

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