Ajanta Cave 1 Case Study

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Ques 1

Discuss how the religious thinking of Buddhism and Hinduism influenced the layout and appearance of temple architecture by examining case studies of Ajanta Caves and Lakshmana Temple.
The Ajanta caves situated at a distance of 200 miles from Mumbai are cut into the face of a mountain, form a horseshoe shape around the Wangorah River. They are an example of one of Indian's unique artistic traditions known as rock cut temples. Ajanta consists of thirty caves, each dedicated to the life of the Buddha. Cave 1 is a magnificently painted Vihara (monastery), filled with wall murals, sculptures, and ceiling paintings, that date back to the 5th century. Originally, Cave 1 also had a porch which led to the main hall, however it has since collapsed.
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It is considered one of the earliest, most notable examples of use of Greek cross plan in Renaissance architecture. The church has four equal-size arms surmounted by a small dome. The external covering is typically bichrome as in many other Prato's buildings, using white and green marble. The lower fraction shows a framed decoration which originally was to be reproduced in the upper area, finishing with atympanum (this can be seen only in one arm).The small cupola, of Brunelleschi's inspiration, has a drum with twelve circular windows and a conical covering surmounted by a …show more content…
The church is approached via a narrow passage between massive gate towers, through which a tantalizing glimpse of the west front can be seen. The facade is imposing and austere, with thick walls and arrow-slit windows indicating its double purpose as a fortress. The only decoration comes from tall recesses beneath Lombard bands (small blind arches) and a cross cut in the top center. The north tower dates from the late 12th century. The portal is an absurd 19th-century addition, as is the walkway between the west

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