Essay on Career Development: Whose Responsibility Is It?

2282 Words Aug 28th, 2015 10 Pages
Human Resource Development
IRHR3510 - University of Newcastle

Assessment 1
“Career development:
Whose responsibility is it?”

Career development refers to the “lifelong process of managing learning, work, leisure and transitions” (Parker, 2015). Employee career development is not only vital for the individual’s career but it is also an essential part of business survival strategies (Gololo, 2013).
In order to effectively address the question “Career development: Whose responsibility is it?”, this essay will consider the effects of changing business environment on the nature of career development. Research examples, such as Hall’s and Inkson’s articles, are useful in explaining the highly turbulent and
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The business world in particular is evolving rapidly. As a result of this, organisations, employers and employees especially, are finding it difficult to distinguish the responsibilities and requirements of their role within this continually advancing environment. In “Protean Careers of the 21st Century”, Hall states that the “organisational career is dead, while the protean career is alive and flourishing” (Hall, 1996, p.8). Therefore, to understand whose responsibility career development is, we need ask how the business environment has evolved and what a protean career is.
Long gone are the days of lifetime employment. It used to be the case that individuals were employed in an organisation, started from the bottom, worked hard, remained loyal, and eventually climbed the corporate ladder and therefore were rewarded with job security. This is no longer true in today’s business environment. According to Hall, the modern day career is evolving and is no longer being measured by chronological age but via continuous learning and identity changes (Hall, 1996). As outlined in the diagram below, the modern career can be identified as a compilation of short learning stages. Hall illustrates due to this dynamic environment, career age will be more valuable than chronological age (Hall, 1996). This means that it is the quality of the knowledge learnt is more valuable

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