Essay on Cardiovascular Diseases ( Cvds )

832 Words Sep 26th, 2015 4 Pages
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are known to be the number one cause of death worldwide. Among the most commonly recognized risk factors for CVD are high levels of total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TGs), hypertension, insulin resistance, overall body fatness, central adiposity, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and poor cardiorespiratory fitness. Lifestyle choices, such as diet quality and activity level, can have an influence on these risk factors. For instance, getting moderate to vigorous activity (MVPA) has been associated with increased cardiorespiratory fitness, lower body fatness, reduced insulin resistance, and a better lipid profile as well as blood pressure. Consuming a quality diet has also been linked with a reduction in CVD risk. On the other hand, having both a poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle may lead to a higher risk of CVD by promoting the accumulation of body fat, insulin resistance, increased blood pressure, and hyperlipidemia. Little is known about the combined influence of a healthy diet and physical activity on these risk factors as these two are not always seen together. In light of this, this study aimed to investigate the combined influence of diet and physical activity on CVD risk factors.
Because the development of these various risk factors has been shown to start in childhood and progress into adulthood, adolescents were chosen as the population of interest. Data on 1513 adolescents, ranging from age 12.5 to…

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