Cardiovascular Disease ( Cvd ) Essay

1146 Words Apr 26th, 2016 null Page
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the preeminent cause of death for both males and females in the United States (US).1 Approximately 610,000 people in the US die of CVD each year, which constitutes 1 out of every 4 deaths. Furthermore, 1 in 3 individuals, or approximately 80 million adult Americans have CVD. In 2011, the projected direct costs from health expenditures and indirect costs from lost productivity for CVD and stroke, which is a long-term complication of cardiovascular disorders, were estimated to be $320.1 billion.2 This is particularly perturbing, because 80% of cases of premature CVD are largely preventable through lifestyle interventions like physical activity (PA) and improved diet. 2-4 An emphasis on preventing CVD before its onset has the ability to reduce costs and increase overall life expectancy. In this review, we focus on the potential role of personalized health planning (PHP) in promoting PA and dietary changes for cardiovascular risk reduction. We then focus on the promising role of mindfulness as an adjuvant to PHP-based lifestyle interventions, particularly in sustaining long-term PA and dietary changes.
Overall Cardiovascular Health
Risk factors for CVD include several medical conditions and lifestyle behaviors. Medical conditions, such as diabetes, obesity, chronic stress, hypertension, and high cholesterol, and lifestyle behaviors, such as inadequate diet, sedentary lifestyle, cigarette smoking, and increased alcohol usage are cardinal risk…

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