British Imperialism in India and Sub-Saharan Africa Between 1750 and 1914

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During the 1800s and early 1900s, a wave of imperialism swept over Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. The Western nations, pursuing new raw materials, established control, and became very powerful. The non-Western world obtained many benefits, such as industrialization and public education. While imperialism proved beneficial, it also resulted in warfare, racism, economic discrimination, and slavery. Both India and sub-Saharan Africa were affected by European imperialism. Between 1750 and 1914, European imperialism in India and sub-Saharan Africa created a similar effect of poor treatment of natives, such as a decrease in jobs and economic instability. In contrast, India was influenced mainly by Britain, whereas multiple European …show more content…
European imperialism sparked a change in economy, which deteriorated the treatment of the natives of India and sub-Saharan Africa. Western imperialism had a lasting effect on India and sub-Saharan Africa. However, unlike sub-Saharan Africa, Britain was the main Western power in India. In the beginning, the British East India Company financed the British military in India as well as economic development. During the early 1800s, Britain expanded their rule; British colonial authority was referred to as the Raj, which directly governed some cities, such as Bombay and Calcutta. In other parts of India, Britain ruled indirectly through rajas and maharajas. This allowed the British to rule efficiently and at a low cost. France, another European country that desired to control India, tried to eradicate the British East India Trading Company, but failed due to a lack of governmental support. Therefore, Britain remained the dominant European power in India. In contrast, multiple countries influenced sub-Saharan Africa. Britain, France, Portugal, Belgium, Italy, and Germany all partook in the “Scramble for Africa,” a desperate race to claim territory in Africa. All of the aforementioned Western countries established colonies in Africa, which roused aggression amongst them and led to the Berlin Conference in order to agree on boundary lines and rules for expansion. Although Western imperialism

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