Essay about Basque Country : The Bay Of Biscay

1355 Words Nov 18th, 2016 6 Pages
Basque Country is region situated at the foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains between Spain and France and on the cost of the Bay of Biscay. The term Basque Country originated from the territories inhabited by the Basque people or Euskal Herria. The Basques are an ancient people who occupied the land of this region for thousands of years. Basque country is divided into two territories, north and south. The Northern territory is located in the Pyrenees-Atlantiques Department of France, commonly referred to as Pays Basque. The territory covered the Arrondissement of Bayonne, the cantons of Mauleon-Licharre, Tardets-Sorcholus and the disputed village of Esquille. The Southern territory is located in Spain and measured approximately 8,000 square miles. This part of region is commonly referred to as Spanish Basque or Pais Vasco Espanol and it is the most populated part of the two Basque territories. Spanish Basque consists of two regions, the Autonomous Community, which is made up of Alava, Biscay and Gipuzkoa and the other section, the Chartered Community of Navarre. In addition, there is the Trevino enclave in Alava, Valle de Villaverde in Biscay and the Petilla de Aragon that are considered part of the Basque homeland.
The French part of Basque Country has less than 160,000 people or nine percent of the total population and falls under the jurisdiction of the French central government. It is not as wealth as the Spanish side. This side does not have an exclusively Basques…

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