Louisiana Purchase Advantages

The Louisiana Purchase was an offer from the French that opened up many

beneficial opportunities for the growing United States. Land west of the Eastern seaboard was

territory claimed by the French; however after the Seven Year’s War France had lost its

dominance over the land and transferred control to Spain. France had later found itself in need

of funding for the war they were fighting in Europe. The United States, with their growing

population and need for expansion, found the opportunity extremely beneficial in both doubling

the size of America and offering numerous trade opportunities. Nevertheless, from evidence

provided in the transcript of the Louisiana Purchase and President Thomas Jefferson’s secret

message to congress
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Jefferson stated that the purpose of

the expedition was for, “… extending the external commerce of the United States.”(Hart 81) The

United States benefited from this expedition because this new knowledge of the land would aid

both trade and strategy. This expedition proved in much avail to the United States when the

Louisiana Purchase was offered.

The Louisiana Purchase states, “The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be

incorporated in the Union of the United States and admitted as soon as possible according to

the principles of the federal Constitution to the enjoyment of all these rights, advantages and

immunities of citizens of the United States…” (Hart 76) So under this statement, “The

inhabitants” were the French, Spanish, and Indians, meaning they were to be treated as

American citizens. However, Article VI states the treaties and articles must be agreed upon with

both the Spanish and the Indians. (Hart 77) In the terms of territory, the French were to remove

their troops from their military ports within three months, the time until the treaty was ratified.

(Hart 76) There were good relations between the French and the United States, which
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America was then able to benefit greatly due to this treaty.

The Louisiana Purchase benefitted the United States in numerous ways. Prior to the

Louisiana Purchase, America was simply a small strip on America’s eastern coast. With their

population growing rapidly, America saw the opportunity for more land and was not hesitant to

take it. This new territory had doubled the size of the United States, providing more land for

farming and exploration. This aided to the country’s finances along with being able to trade on

the Mississippi. The river made trade far more easier by providing a faster way to transport

goods from the south of the United States to the North. (Hart 81) The treaty had also connected

the United States with more Indian tribes, which would aid their relations and benefit the trade

between the two. The treaty had not only aided trade between the Americans and the Indian

tribes, but also between France and Spain. Giving them the advantage to exclusively trade with

the United States their domestic goods. (Hart 77) The Louisiana Purchase also helped

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