Background Of Reform During The Civil War Essay
After the civil war almost quarter of federal money was spent on providing pensions and social support to the veterans, their dependents and family members of killed warriors. In 1930 government takes more responsibility for the poverty and unemployment and starts developing more comprehensive programs of social support. Under the social security act of 1935, 11 new public support programs were established. One of of them was AFDC (aid to families with dependent children) which plaid crucial role for the wellbeing of poor citizens of the United states. This act shifted responsibility for poverty and citizens’ wellbeing from the state to the federal level.
Prior to the welfare reform 1996 there was a stable trend of increasing of welfare costs. One of the factors that contributed to the reform was dramatic increase of caseload of welfare cases. Thus, existing welfare system motivated citizens to apply for welfare, making them dependents from the government. If in Caseload 1936 the caseload was approximately147,000 families or less then 1 present of American families with children, in 1994 it raised up to 5 million, or 15 percent (Coley2006).
Modern social science has produced strong and consistent evidence that public welfare does reduce work. A thorough 1981 review of these studies by the prominent social scientists Sheldon Danziger, Robert Haveman, and Robert Plotnick confirms that AFDC reduced the hours of work by single mothers (Haskins 2006 p.6).…