Augustine's Presuppositions Of Faith Essay

882 Words 4 Pages
Concerning compatibility of free will with Divine Providence, Augustine argues that God has advance knowledge of our potential choices, not of our actions, and react depending on what that choice will be. In this way, God leaves us with our free will and the personal responsibility that comes with it. We can consult God through prayer to help us choose rightly, or choose to do evil. In the latter case, we will be fully responsible for the consequences that may result.
Inspired by Augustine’s doctribe of ‘faith seeking understanding’, Anselm of Canterbury (1033–1109) sought to explore its second part – understanding faith- by attempting to prove the existence of God. In doing so, he developed his famous ontological argument, inspired by the
…show more content…
These include truths about the existence of God and about the specific moral standards instilled by God in human nature and acting as a source of moral principles. To explain his categorization, Aquinas asserts that the senses are the starting point of all knowledge and understanding. As sources of information about the universe, they allows us to conclude that the must be a creator for all that we can experience. The second class of truths, not accessible by reason are referred to as “mysteries of faith”. These concern the inner nature of God, that is not accessible through the senses and can be understood from the Scriptures. One example of such a mystery is the doctrine of the Holy Trinity, the idea that God is …show more content…
Natural law sets forth the general standards of conduct, prohibiting or commanding certain actions. Natural law includes norms against behaviours such as stealing, murder, or slander. As described by Aquinas, the most general prescription of natural law is that “good is to be done, and evil is to be avoided”. To follow this principle means to act consistently with six ‘human inclinations’: (1) preserve human life, (2) have heterosexual intercourse, (3) educate your children, (4) shun ignorance, (5) worship God, and (6) avoid harming others. Natural law is subject to further specification in the written law and morals, or human law. For example, the general principle of not harming others might mean ‘do not take the property of another person without their permission”, or “do not lie”. These principles could be further specified: “do not fare-dodge”, or “do not cheat on your taxes”. Human law must conform with the principles of natural law, otherwise it will become a ‘perversion of the

Related Documents