Are Western Management Concepts (Like Hrd) Applicable Worldwide?

2492 Words Aug 27th, 2013 10 Pages
Are western management concepts (like HRD) applicable worldwide?
“Every aspect of a firm's activities is determined by the competence, motivation and general effectiveness of its human organization. Of all the tasks of management, managing the human component is the most important task because all else depends upon how well it is done.”(Likert 1967). Although this quote has already over 40 years of age, the core statement has not changed in any way. Still, managers have to focus on the people working in their companies, need to take differences among them into account and especially when it comes to managing in various countries, cultural, natural and unavoidable differences have to be taken into consideration ( Hofstede 1987). Regarding
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Hofstede's definition of HRD goes down to one typical US theory which is the Theory X-Y by McGregor (1960). Because ideas of HRD in the USA have their roots in US humanistic theories, Hofstede (1987) points out the Theory X-Y to show where the problems of HRD definition and the integration of it in different cultures are. McGregor's theory (1960) says, that managers either hold one of the two opposing theories without the possibility to have a unification of both. But despite this fact, the theories are based on certain US assumptions which are common for the two of them:

work is good and needs to happen because of God's will, people's potentialities should be maximally utilized and people in organizations behave as unattached individuals. These assumptions cannot be applied in any South East Asian culture or society because their assumptions are quite different: work is necessary but not a goal itself, people should find their place in peace and harmony and they behave as members of a group. This is the reason why the Theory X-Y is not suitable to Indonesian culture and it shows very well that, if you are coming from an American point of view where HRD is based on theories like the X-Y Theory of McGregor (1960), it is almost impossible to adapt those kinds of concepts in South East Asia (Hofstede 1987). If we push these assumptions a little more forward you can

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