Application Of Proficiency Progression Model Formulated By Dreyfus For Nursing Practice

1034 Words Feb 19th, 2015 null Page
Patricia Benner sought to describe and discover the knowledge involved in nursing practice through her project, Achieving Methods of Intraprofessional Consensus, Assessment, and Evaluation Project (the AMICAE Project) (Altmann, 2007). This project applied a proficiency progression model formulated by Dreyfus to nursing practice. The Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition focuses on how skills advance based on experience, education, clinical knowledge development, and career progression through five unique phases (Altmann, 2007). Benner adapted these phases and fine-tuned them in order to make them most applicable to nursing practice and in doing so, came up with the following stages: novice, advanced beginner, competent practitioner, proficient practitioner, and expert practitioner.
Benner’s Five Stages
Stage 1 – The Novice Benner’s Novice stage primarily applies to students when they first begin nursing school (Black, 2014). In this stage, nurses have very little to no experience and as a result, lack confidence in nearly every aspect of their practice (Murphy, 2012). These novice nurses flourish in a structured learning environment as compared to experienced nurses who learn best from experiential learning tactics (Cangelosi, Crocker, & Sorrell, 2009). They also require continuous verbal and physical prompting from more practiced nurses in order to function in a clinical setting (Cangelosi, Crocker, & Sorrell, 2009). Novice nurses depend on rules and expectations and…

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